Ohio Humanities has put together a series of trails highlighting points of interest to illustrate topics such as Historic Farms and Civil War Presidents. These curated trails offer opportunities to sample national history locally made.

The Battles of the Wabash and Fort Recovery Trail

For hours of operation and admission fees, click on the individual sites’ visitor information.

  • Fort Recovery State Museum
  • Welcome to the Battles of the Wabash and Fort Recovery walking tour!
  • Northwest Indian War 1785-1795
  • The Battle of the Wabash, November 4, 1791
  • The Old Wabash River
  • Kentucky Militia Encampment
  • American Indian Alliance Strategy
  • The Battlefield, It's Bigger Than You Think!
  • Camp Followers Caught in the Fray
  • Construction of a Fort named "Recovery"
  • The Battle of Fort Recovery, June 30, 1794
  • Discoveries of Today
  • Weaponry of the Battles
  • Remembrance of Today
  • Burying the U.S. Army Dead
  • The Aftermath

Fort Recovery is the site of two significant battles during the colonial period of the new United States. Recently, a team of archaeologists, tribal leaders, and local historians completed research at the site to create a more complete story of the battles in this region. In 2018, the Fort Recovery Historical Society and the Applied Archaeology Laboratories at Ball State University produced a walking trail interpreting the battlefield and memorial sites.

Although the British ceded control of all lands northwest of the Ohio River in the Treaty of Paris, the region was home to many Native Americans who were unwilling to allow further white encroachment. In 1791, Arthur St. Clair’s army suffered a stunning defeat against a confederacy of tribes. More than 900 soldiers and civilians were killed in the battle. Two years later, Anthony Wayne built a fort on the site of St. Clair’s defeat; he named it Fort Recovery. In 1794, the fort was besieged again by 2500 Indians led by Little Turtle and Blue Jacket. Wayne’s men, out-numbered ten to one, managed to defeat the attacking force. This decisive battle contributed to the quelling of native uprisings in the Ohio territory, leading to the Treaty of Greenville, white settlement, and the eventual removal of American Indians from the Ohio country.

For a more deeply curated experience, go to https://bsumaps.maps.arcgis.com/apps/MapTour/index.html?appid=56d7acb346c14210a0b48610162e8a5b#.

The Fort Recovery Museum is open seven days a week from June through August, and weekends only in May and September, but this free walking tour can be used throughout the year.

Christine Thompson